When parents decide to separate or divorce, one of the most difficult decisions they have to make is deciding on the custody arrangement for their children. A custody agreement is a legally binding agreement that outlines how parents will share time with their children after a divorce or separation. In this article, we will discuss what a normal custody agreement looks like and what factors may influence it.

Types of Custody

Before diving into custody agreements, it’s important to understand the different types of custody arrangements that exist. These include:

1. Sole Custody: In this type of custody arrangement, one parent has legal and physical custody of the child. The other parent may have visitation rights but does not have decision-making power over the child’s life.

2. Joint Custody: This type of custody arrangement involves both parents having equal decision-making power over the child’s life. The child usually spends time with both parents in an arrangement that suits the specific situation.

3. Split Custody: This type of custody arrangement occurs when there are multiple children and each parent has sole custody of at least one of the children.

Factors Affecting Custody Agreements

When it comes to deciding on custody arrangements, there isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach. Every family’s situation is different and there are many factors that influence custody agreements. These may include:

1. Age of the Child: A child’s age plays a major role in determining custody arrangements. Infants and toddlers usually require more frequent contact with their primary caregiver, whereas older children may benefit from more time with both parents.

2. Relationships and Stability: The stability of each parent’s living situation and the quality of their relationship with the child also play a role in custody agreements. The courts tend to favor a parent who has been the primary caregiver and who can provide a stable home environment for the child.

3. Parents’ Work Schedules: If one parent has a job that requires long hours or frequent travel, this may influence custody arrangements. It’s important to consider how each parent’s work schedule will affect their ability to be present for the child.

4. History of Abuse: Any history of abuse or neglect by a parent will have a significant impact on custody arrangements. The safety and well-being of the child is always the top priority.

A Normal Custody Agreement

A normal custody agreement will vary based on the factors discussed above. However, there are some basic elements that most custody agreements will include. These may include:

1. A schedule that outlines when the child will spend time with each parent. This may be a 50/50 split or could be a more uneven arrangement based on the specific situation.

2. Details about how decisions will be made regarding the child’s upbringing, including their education, healthcare, and religious upbringing.

3. Any provisions for how the parents will communicate and make decisions together in the event of a dispute or change in circumstances.

4. Provisions for how the custody agreement can be modified in the future.


In general, a normal custody agreement will be one that is tailored to the specific situation of the family involved. It will take into account factors such as the child’s age, the stability of each parent’s living situation, and the parents’ work schedules. Ultimately, the goal of any custody agreement is to ensure that the child’s well-being and best interests are protected.